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The History Of Divorce In The Us

The history of divorce is a long one. It has, as French philosopher Voltaire put it, likely been around since the advent of formalized marriage. While Voltaire may have referred to the susceptibility of marriage to collapse even in a loving union, divorce also applies to the legal dissolution that has resulted from disagreements amongst couples over the years in the Western world.

Legal divorce began as early as the sixteenth century in Europe as a firm rejection by Protestant leaders against Catholic institutions, such as marriage. And while the Protestants supported the legal proceedings of divorce and claimed that Catholic divorce-equivalents, such as annulments that were primarily used to break off bigamous relationships, were easy to obtain, very few married couple ever filed for divorce or annulments. Soon after, however, the granting of divorce began emerging from secular sources of power in Switzerland and later the U.K. The cases for divorce during this time were based on some fault of the defendant, though the guidelines were described in religious terms, such as from the Bible.

In America, the fault-based process of divorce remained mostly intact when the colonists arrived. A complete divorce-while necessary to prevent the moral complications of separated-but-married status-was possible, but very hard to get. As the 13 colonies became the 50 United States, the grounds for divorce had to be concrete, which enabled the ostensibly innocent or injured party to get relief in the form of the actual divorce. The reasons included desertion, adultery, regular inebriation and impotence, as well as the classic cruel and abusive treatment. While it was in the interest of the state to sustain marriages, the plaintiff had to come up with solid reasoning even when both parties wanted the divorce. It essentially had to be presented as a fight or fault-based case.

Around the mid-1950s in the U.S. several court rulings and state laws clearly recognized the many instances of no-fault reasons to end marriages. These included long-term separation, instances of incompatibility and loss of sanity. In practical terms, though, no-fault legislation was hard to use to actually provide a divorce for couples. It seemed that attorneys and judges were still driven by social mores that established the finality of marriage. Couples seeking divorce and their lawyers still had to fabricate their cases in a way that applied to established grounds most of the time. Ironically, as more people became married more than once in their lifetime and divorce was seen as less morally compromised, judges and attorneys had to sustain the fault-based divorce system to expedite the divorces easily.

Many states had many different reasons for divorce, from clear-cut adultery to major physical abuse. Some, however, were limited to just a few finite grounds, as in such East Coast states as Massachusetts, New York, Pennsylvania, Maryland and others. For this reason, many couples seeking divorces would travel to other states, typically out West to a divorce refuge like Nevada or California, to gain their divorce. Many of these places, it must be added, made for easy and virtually instant marriages, too, like Las Vegas. When the divorce became legal, the couple would return to their original state to proceed with their now separate lives as usual. The trends were recognized by legislators, however, in states like New York, whereby a couple could travel to Mexico, live there just 24 hours and legally file for a divorce that would be recognized back in New York. They also recognized that those who had no means to leave the country for their divorces needed their rights protected, as well.

Yet it wasn’t until the 1970s that the U.S. instituted no-fault divorces that were easily obtainable. The U.S. took the cue from the U.K., which spearheaded divorce reform legislature. Judges in the U.K. could simply issue a divorce decree when a couple’s marriage was clearly irreparably damaged. California soon recognized the success of this approach and enacted its own law soon after. Laws like the Uniform Marriage and Divorce Act soon spread across the country.

This method of divorce has been criticized by those who see that attorneys and judges may drag their feet because the grounds are so simple and open-ended, thus causing major family, employment and financial disruption amongst all of the parties involved. It has also been said that this kind of simple divorce has broken important bonds, and will continue to compromise the institution of the family.

In the contemporary U.S., the rate of divorce peaked in the 1980s almost one half of all marriages ending in dissolution. Many now say that it is not so much the laws granting easy divorce that have enabled so many to break apart their formal relationships, but several other reasons, such as increased women’s earning power, greater acceptance of divorce and-most prominently-the desire for “the pursuit of happiness,” in this case the ability to find a better spouse.

Typically, in the course of a divorce, an ex-husband will pay his ex-wife alimony for a discrete length of time. There are some states, however, that permit the reversal of that arrangement if the woman is the major breadwinner. If the couple has any children, custody can go to either or both parents, with visitation and custody settled between the parties as part of the divorce agreement.

Ultimately, divorce may be a necessary event for some to make the remainder of their lives reasonable and happy for all involved. When divorce becomes a possibility in your life, it is always best to enlist the aid of an attorney versed in comprehensive family and divorce law.

The Successful Entrepreneur Jack Simony And His Achievements

Co-founder of the Whitehaven Financial Group, Jack Simony was educated at CUNY Brooklyn and Oxford University. Moreover, this famous entrepreneur likes doing charity work, travelling, and fencing besides concentrating on the different areas of his business. Jack Simony has also made himself involved with different organizations such as the New York Athletic Club and Army and Navy Club, thus helping us know the interests of this famous businessman. Taking out time from his busy schedule, Jack Simony is also interested in writing blogs, where he puts forward his views on various topics. Therefore, we can know that besides being a thorough businessman, Jack Simony is also interested in various other things in life.

Jack Simonys company, the Whitehaven Financial Group, is a reputed and recognized litigation finance firm located in the city of New York. The HRAI or the Human Rights Advocates International has awarded Jack Simony the Defender Award for helping many individuals with his hard work and dedication. The HRAI is a U.S based non-governmental organization that works for the protection and encouragement of the human rights and the award is given to individuals who worked hard and have helped people in need. According to the HRAI chairman Gerard I. Nierenberg, Jack Simony has devised unique ways to help those in need, also meeting the needs and demands of the Wall Street, thus creating a scenario they had been looking for. Jack Simony has also been praised for finding creative financial solutions, as well as caring for the less fortunate.

Shorex, the world leaders in organizing wealth conferences for individuals with high net worth along with their professional advisors had chosen Jack Simony as the keynote speaker this year. Jack Simony is considered as a pioneer who has achieved huge name and recognition in the financial services industry. Moreover, this famous entrepreneur has an excellent track record in the field of litigation finance for more than 10 years and is recognized as one of the topmost industry leaders.

In the present day, Jack Simony is the CEO of DVG Capital and prior to that he worked as portfolio manager at Centurion/Platinum funds, a New York based company that invests in asset-based strategies through a managed account platform. The firm mainly concentrated on traditional ways of financing that includes litigation funding, warehouse loans to consumer finance companies, secured trade financing, and debt instruments. Jack Simony co-founded the litigation financing company, the Whitehaven Group in the year 2001 and served as the Chief Executive Officer of the company till 2008. When serving as the CEO of the company, Jack Simony mainly concentrated on the vision and the litigation funding goals. He handled the various aspects of the company such as operation, acquisitions, business growth and development, maintaining media and corporate relationships responsibly and with due diligence. It is good to know that the Whitehaven Group under Jack Simony could reach new heights of success and achievements.

Before co-founding the Whitehaven Group, Jack Simony was a partner with the Knightsbridge Equities, a trading company offering capital and technology to professional traders, hedge funds, and family offices. This famous entrepreneur has also worked for the Human Rights Advocates International NGO. His contribution to the society has made him a popular figure throughout the world.